Archives mensuelles : décembre 2012

Call for Participants: Mediterranean Seminar/UC MRG Winter Workshop; UCLA 2 February 2013

The Mediterranean Seminar/University of California Multi-Campus Research Project (MRP) in Mediterranean Studies announces its Winter 2013 Workshop, to be held at UCLA on Saturday, 2 February 2013.  This is part of a three-day event which also includes the UCLA Center for Medieval and Renaissance Studies (CMRS) Ahmanson Conference, “Cross-Cultural Encounters in the Medieval and Early Modern Mediterranean,” to be held on January 31-February 1.

The Workshop consists of discussion of three pre-circulated papers and a talk by our featured scholar, Michael Herzfeld (Anthropology, Harvard University).

Carol Lansing
Professor of History, UC Santa Barbara
“Captive Women in the Eastern Mediterranean in the Later Middle Ages”

Erith Jaffe-Berg
Assistant Professor of Theater, UC Riverside
“Mediterranean Cartographies of Sixteenth-Century Commedia dell’ Arte Actresses”

Lucia Carminati
Graduate Student, Middle Eastern and North African Studies, University of Arizona
“Egypt 1919: Working-class Cosmopolitanism and Shifting Boundaries of Belonging”

Michael Herzfeld
Ernest E. Monrad Professor of the Social Sciences
Harvard University
“Gender, Geography, and the Imagining of the Mediterranean”

Space is limited, so please register now. Registration opens for UC faculty and graduate students and those at institutions affiliated with the Mediterranean Consortium today. Registration for all others will begin on Dec. 26 (registration requests may be sent in at any time; early applications will be queued in the order they are received).

Travel assistance (max $350) will be provided to attendees coming from outside the LA area. UC graduate students and faculty are guaranteed this support; others can apply, and it will be awarded on the basis of availability.

Registration requests and other inquiries should be directed to Courtney Mahaney (cmahaney@ucsc.edu) at the UC Santa Cruz Institute for Humanities Research.

Attendees are encouraged to register for the Ahmanson Conference. This is done through UCLA’s Center for Medieval and Renaissance Studies; see http://www.cmrs.ucla.edu/programs/calendar_jan13.html#1-30.

Guillaume Calafat

Maître de conférences en histoire moderne (Université Paris 1). Membre du comité de rédaction de la revue Tracés.

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NOUVELLE PARUTION : R. Botte, A. Stella (Dir.), Couleurs de l’esclavage sur les deux rives de la Méditerranée (Moyen-Âge – XXe siècle)

COULEURS DE L’ESCLAVAGE SUR LES DEUX RIVES DE LA MÉDITERRANÉE
THE COLOURS OF SLAVERY ON THE SHORES OF THE MEDITERRANEAN
Edited by/Sous la direction de Roger Botte et Alessandro Stella
Paris, Éditions Karthala, 396 p.

If the enslavement of black people has undeniably unique characteristics, it is also equally obvious that the institution of slavery is as complex and nuanced as the polychromy of human phenotypes.
Without going back to the Greco-Roman times, the Mediterranean space has represented a site of choice to observe the production of slaves, before, during and after the transatlantic slave- trade. From one shore to the other of the Mediterranean, one could observe the co-existence of slaves of different colours, origins and religions.
Together with Africans that had come through the trans-Saharan and Atlantic slave routes, slave markets were fed by Slaves, Caucasians and other Orientals. Religious cleavages nourished and justified the enslavement of Muslims as much as that of Christians and pagans. The same slave status was applied to individuals who, although they shared the same slave status, were destined to very different tasks on the basis of their ethnic origin, sex, age, physical appearance and supposed qualities.
From Byzantium to the Ottoman world, from Christian Europe to the lands of Islam, the designation of slaves represented a large palette of nuances, in which colour was revealed by what it is: a subjective vision of contrasts. It is this multifaceted slavery that the articles of this edited volume try to depict.

Si l’esclavage des Noirs présente une indéniable spécificité, il est tout aussi évident que l’institution esclavagiste a été aussi complexe et variée que la polychromie des phénotypes humains.
Sans remonter à l’Antiquité gréco-romaine, l’espace méditerranéen, avant, pendant et après la traite transatlantique des Africains est un observatoire de choix sur la fabrique d’esclaves. D’une rive à l’autre de la Méditerranée, nous pouvons observer la coexistence d’esclaves de différentes couleurs, origines, religions.
À côté d’Africains arrivés par les traites transsaharienne et atlantique, les marchés d’esclaves se nourrissaient de Slaves, Caucasiens et autres Orientaux, pendant que les clivages religieux alimentaient et justifiaient la capture et la mise en esclavage aussi bien de musulmans que de chrétiens et de païens. Le même statut d’esclave était appliqué à des individus qui, tout en partageant la domination servile, était souvent, de par leur origine ethnique, leur sexe, leur âge, leur apparence physique et leurs supposées qualités, destinés à des tâches diverses.
De Byzance au monde ottoman, de l’Europe chrétienne aux terres d’islam, la désignation des esclaves empruntait une large palette de nuances, la couleur se révélant pour ce qu’elle est : une vision subjective du contraste. C’est cet esclavage multiforme que tentent de dépeindre les textes ici réunis.

Table des matières/Table of contents

Avant-propos/Introduction
Roger Botte et Alessandro Stella

1. Commerce et esclavage dans le Maghreb oriental (viie-xe siècle)
1. Trade and slavery in eastern Maghreb (7th to 10th century)
Salah Trabelsi

2. Esclaves noirs et esclaves blancs en al-Andalus umayyade et en Ifrîqiya fâtimide. Couleurs, origines et statuts des élites sûdân, et saqâliba
2. Black slaves and white slaves in the Umayyad al-Andalus and in the Fatimid Ifrīqiya. Colours, origins and status of sūdān and saqāliba elites
Mohamed Meouak

3. Esclaves noirs et esclaves blancs en Sicile (vers 1300-vers 1450). Entre déshumanisation et socialisation
3. Black slaves and white slaves in Sicily (1300-1450 circa). Between dehumanization and socialization
Henri Bresc

4. Être esclave à Venise à la fin du Moyen Âge
4. Being slave in Venice at the end of the Middle Ages
Philippe Braunstein

5. Captifs et esclaves dans le royaume de Grenade (xiiie-xvie siècles)
5. Captives and slaves in the Grenade kingdom (13th to 16th century)
Raúl González Arévalo

6. « Negre e de terra de negres infels… » : Servitude de la couleur (Valence, 1479-1516)
6. « Negre e de terra de negres infels… » : Slavery of colour (Valence, 1479-1516)
Fabienne Plazolles Guillén

7. Les « Portugais noirs » de Guinée : destins mêlés (xve-xviie siècles)
7. The “black Portuguese” of Guinea: mixed destinies (15th to 17th century)
António de Almeida mendes

8. Selon l’arrivage sur le marché. La multiplicité ethnique des esclaves en Italie (xvie-xixe siècles)
8. Following the arrival to the market. Ethnic multiplicity of slaves in Italy (16th to 19th century)
Salvatore Bono

9. Le fondu des couleurs ? Expérience croisées de captivité dans le Maroc de l’armée noire
9. Fusing colours? Mixed experiences of captivity in Black Army Morocco
Jocelyne Dakhlia

10. « Bouc noir » contre « Bélier blanc ». L’armée des ‘Abîd al-Bukhârî du sultan Mawlây Ismâ’îl (1672-1727)
10. “Black goat” against “White ram.” The army of the ‘Abīd al-Bukhārī of the Sultan Mawlāy Ismā’il  (1672-1727)
Roger Botte

11. L’esclavage en territoire ottoman à l’époque moderne
11. Slavery in Ottoman lands in modern times
Frédéric Hitzel

12. Liens de parenté et liens sociaux chez les esclaves tsiganes de Valachie. Le salas au xviie siècle
12. Kinship ties and social ties among Gipsy slaves of Wallachia. The salas of 17th century
Florina Manuela Constantin

13. Destins d’affranchis noirs et blancs en Andalousie à l’époque moderne
13. Destinies of black and white manumitted slaves in Andalusia in the modern times
Alessandro Stella

14. Des Noirs dans les troupes des beys de Tunis. Deux expériences d’enrôlement d’esclaves et d’affranchis au milieu du xviiie siècle et en 1837
14. Blacks among Beys’ armies in Tunis. Two experiences of recruitments of slaves and manumitted from mid-18th century to 1837
M’hamed Oualdi

15. Problématique du phénotype. Approche comparative des esclavages dans la Tunisie du xixe siècle
15. The problem of phenotype. Comparative approaches of slavery in 19th century Tunis
Inès Mrad Dali

16. Travail et liberté en Algérie
16. Work and freedom in Algeria
Judith Scheele

Call for Papers: Intellectual Networks in the Long Seventeenth Century, Durham University, 30 June-2 July 2013

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Durham’s Centre for Seventeenth-Century Studies – now part of the Institute of Medieval and Early Modern Studies – has, since its foundation in 1985, organized over a dozen high-profile international conferences. Next year’s event, which both continues that tradition and celebrates the Centre’s new role within one of Durham University’s flagship research institutes, will address the topic of ‘Intellectual Networks in the Long Seventeenth Century.’

The conference will explore the emergence and consolidation of systems of intellectual and cultural exchange during the long seventeenth century, while assessing their lasting influence on the history of scholarship, literature, diplomacy, science, and religious communities. The sub-topics listed below offer some guidance for the submission of proposals. Special emphasis will be placed on the relationship between the British Isles and the wider world.

  • Erudite correspondence
  • Academic networks: knowledge transmission and cultural change
  • Diplomacy, high and low
  • Literary circles
  • Scientific institutions and the history of medicine
  • Intellectual exchange among/within religious communities
  • Book trade and collectorship
  • Counter-intelligence and the political and religious underground
  • Women and intellectual exchange
  • Popular cultural exchange

Proposals for 20-minute papers and full panels should be submitted to early.modern@durham.ac.uk by 15th January 2013. Replies will be sent in early February 2013. Details concerning travel and accommodation for both speakers and delegates will be made available around the same time. It is hoped that the conference will give rise to an edited volume of selected essays.

The conference is taking place at an exciting time for seventeenth century and early modern studies at Durham. Recent significant developments include:

  • The re-opening of Cosin’s Library (1699) on the UNESCO World Heritage site of Palace Green following a major restoration project; the collection, now part of Durham University Library, was assembled by the great seventeenth-century book collector John Cosin, Bishop of Durham (1595-1672)
  • The joint custodianship of the library and archive of Ushaw College, shared between the trustees of the archive and Durham University Library
  • A related international conference on Early Modern English Catholicism taking place at Ushaw College (28 June to 1 July 2013), with which the present conference will share a joint keynote lecture from Professor Eamon Duffy (Cambridge) on the evening of 30 June For further details visit http://www.dur.ac.uk/imrs/newsandevents/research/cfp/

The conference is supported by Durham University’s Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Institute of Medieval and Early Modern Studies, Department of English Studies, Department of History, and School of Modern Languages and Cultures.

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Ancient World Mapping Center

L’Ancient World Mapping Center est un centre de recherche interdisciplinaire basé à l’université de Caroline du Nord à Chapel Hill.

Le centre promeut la cartographie, la géographie historique et la science des informations géographiques comme des disciplines essentielles au sein des études de l’histoire antique. A ce titre, l’AWMP édite de nombreuses cartes de la Méditerranée. Si elles sont essentiellement tournées vers l’étude de l’histoire ancienne de la Méditerranée, certaines de ces cartes sont vierges et peuvent de ce fait être utilisées par les chercheurs travaillant sur d’autres périodes.

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Le site comprend notamment des cartes téléchargeables en .pdf, en .png, ainsi que les ressources et outils pour pouvoir travailler à partir de leur matériel.

Contact

Ancient World Mapping Center
The University of North Carolina
CB#8110; 5010 Walter Royal Davis Library
Chapel Hill NC  27599-8110 U.S.A.
telephone: 919-962-0502
fax: 919-962-1403
email: awmc@unc.edu