Archives du mot-clé Justice

[Parution] Judging the Franks

Nous avons le plaisir de vous annoncer la parution de l’article de Francisco Apellániz, « Judging the Franks: Proof, Justice, and Diversity in Late Medieval Alexandria and Damascus » dans le dernier numéro de la revue Comparative Studies in Society and History.

Abstract:

This article describes how Islamic and Frankish legal devices complemented each other and were even combined to settle disagreements in the late medieval Middle East. For this purpose, it focuses on two legal institutions that provided responses to the biases of Islamic law against non-Muslims and to the prejudices of Franks against the local law. The first are the notaries sent to the Mamluk cities by the Venetian government to draw up legal documents and to support the transactions of Venetian merchants. The second are the new royal or siyāsa courts implemented by the sultans, where justice was dispensed by government officials instead of by traditional judges, or qāḍīs. Specifically, the article discusses, in a comparative manner, what constituted proof for Christians and Muslims, whether minorities could bear testimony or not, and how notaries and judges dealt with unbelievers. A common notarial culture, together with the expansion of siyāsa jurisdiction over the affairs of foreigners, brought about a much deeper legal interplay than has previously been understood. Ultimately, it is argued that Mediterranean medieval societies had evolving attitudes toward justice and diversity, and approached their own legal traditions in ways compatible with the conflict resolution, while constantly borrowing legal concepts about difference from each other.

Lien vers l’article sur Academia.edu.

 

[colloque] Xe congrès de la EAJS, Paris

Le Xe Congrès de la EAJS

Du 20 au 24 juillet 2014 a lieu le congrès de l’Association Européenne pour les Etudes Juives (EAJS) à Paris.

Cette année, le thème clé des conférences plénières est : « Cultures juives et contacts interculturels: perspectives de recherche ».
le projet ERC ConfigMed y est représenté par Evelyne Oliel-Grausz, qui y organise un panel (Implementing the « Economic Turn »: New Sources and Approaches for the Economic History of Early Modern Jews, qui se tient mercredi 23 juiller en salle Beckett, à l’ENS, de 9.00 à 13.00) et a présenté une intervention lundi intitulée The Court of the Massari in 18th Century Livorno: Jewish Autonomy, Delegated Justice, and Legal Pluralism.

Lien du congrès

Programme

Résumés des interventions

Le Congrès est organisé sous les auspices de l’Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes, avec le concours de l’Ecole Normale Supérieure