Archives par mot-clé : Francisco Apellaniz

[Parution] Litigation and the Elements of Proof in the Mediterranean (16th-19th C.)

Nous sommes très heureux de vous signaler la parution du dossier Litigation and the Elements of Proof in the Mediterranean (16th-19th C.), coordonné par Wolfgang Kaiser Et Johann Petitjean pour les Quaderni Storici.

Il est le résultat de travaux menés au sein du programme Mediterranean Reconfigurations: Intercultural Trade, Commercial Litigation, and Legal Pluralism, 15th-19th Centuries (ERC ConfigMed).
Ce dossier est composé comme suit:

– Wolfgang Kaiser (ERC ConfigMed/Université Paris 1/EHESS), Johann Petitjean (ERC ConfigMed/Université de Poitiers), Introduction, p. 619-632.

Francisco Apellániz (ERC ConfigMed/Villa i Tatti), «You cannot produce a Muslim witness»: Early Ottoman Attitudes Towards Proof and Religious Difference, p. 633-648.

Mafalda Ade (ERC ConfigMed/McGill University), The Ottoman Commercial Tribunal in Damascus and the Use of Testimony and Evidence in Mixed Cases in the 19th Century, p. 649-672.

– Jessica M. Marglin (University of Southern California), Extraterritoriality Meets Islamic Law: Legal Pluralism and Elements of Proof in the International Mixed Court of Morocco, 1871-1872, p. 673-700.

– Joshua M. White (University of Virginia), Litigating Disputes over Ships and Cargo in Early Modern Ottoman Courts, p. 701-726.

Andrea Addobbati, When Proof Is Lacking (ERC ConfigMed/Università di Pisa): A Ship Captain’s Oath and Commercial Justice in the Second Half of the Seventeenth Century, p. 727-752.

Michael Talbot (ERC ConfigMed/University of Greenwich), When Proof Is Not Enough: An Ottoman Merchant in the Gibraltar Vice-Admiralty Court in the 1760s, p. 753-776.

En plus de la version papier, la revue est consultable sur internet via: Web of Science (AHCI), Current Contents, Scopus Bibliographic Database, Historical Abstracts, International Bibliography of the Social Sciences (IBSS), America: History and Life, Current Abstracts, Periodicals Index Online, Articoli italiani di periodici accademici (AIDA), ERIH Plus, Bibliografia storica nazionale, Analecta-Spoglio dei periodici italiani, Dialnet, Catalogo italiano dei periodici (ACNP), JournalSeek, Essper, Fondazione Istituto F. Datini, Google Scholar, Primo Central (Ex Libris), EDS (Ebsco).

[Parution] Judging the Franks

Nous avons le plaisir de vous annoncer la parution de l’article de Francisco Apellániz, “Judging the Franks: Proof, Justice, and Diversity in Late Medieval Alexandria and Damascus” dans le dernier numéro de la revue Comparative Studies in Society and History.


This article describes how Islamic and Frankish legal devices complemented each other and were even combined to settle disagreements in the late medieval Middle East. For this purpose, it focuses on two legal institutions that provided responses to the biases of Islamic law against non-Muslims and to the prejudices of Franks against the local law. The first are the notaries sent to the Mamluk cities by the Venetian government to draw up legal documents and to support the transactions of Venetian merchants. The second are the new royal or siyāsa courts implemented by the sultans, where justice was dispensed by government officials instead of by traditional judges, or qāḍīs. Specifically, the article discusses, in a comparative manner, what constituted proof for Christians and Muslims, whether minorities could bear testimony or not, and how notaries and judges dealt with unbelievers. A common notarial culture, together with the expansion of siyāsa jurisdiction over the affairs of foreigners, brought about a much deeper legal interplay than has previously been understood. Ultimately, it is argued that Mediterranean medieval societies had evolving attitudes toward justice and diversity, and approached their own legal traditions in ways compatible with the conflict resolution, while constantly borrowing legal concepts about difference from each other.

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[Parution] News on the Bulaq


Nous avons le plaisir de vous annoncer la parution de l’article de Francisco Apellániz, “News on the Bulaq: a Mamluk-Venetian Memorandum on Asian Trade, AD 1503“, dans la collection EUI working paper. HEC de l’European University Institute.



The article presents and discusses a source of unique importance for our knowledge of early modern global exchanges. Produced in 1503 by the Egyptian administration, and found among the records of a Venetian company with global commercial interests, the document records maritime connections with some localities on the Arabian Peninsula, the Indian Subcontinent and Southeast Asia, followed by cargo figures. By sending the Memorandum to the head office in Venice, the Company’s agents in Egypt were laboring to solve the most important concern of Venice’s information network, that of coordinating Indian with Mediterranean trading seasons. By analyzing the document’s context, namely, the Foscari Company and the risky business conjuncture it was undergoing, this paper attributes the Firm’s success to the capacity of its agents to gather information through collaboration, networking and ultimately, friendship with Muslim partners and informers.



Indian Ocean; Southeast Asia; Cross-cultural trade; Spices; Mamluk Egypt

Annonces et conférences

Nous commençons cette rentrée 2015/2016 par une modification en profondeur du site ConfigMed. Il s’agit également pour nous d’accueillir dans le projet deux membres récents qui bénéficient d’un post-doctorat de deux ans : Tijl Vanneste, qui a commencé à travailler au mois d’avril 2015 et Ana Belem Fernandes Castro, qui a commencé en juin 2015. Bienvenue à eux.

Enfin, vous trouverez ci-dessous l’annonce de deux conférences internationales auxquelles Francisco Apellaniz, qui entame sa seconde année de recherche dans le programme ERC, a participé la semaine dernière (cliquer ici pour le programme) et cette semaine.

Bridges and Boundaries:

Theories, Concepts and Sources in Communication History


An International Conference in Venice, Italy
September 16-18, 2015

Organizer: Communication History Section of the European Communication
Research and Education Association (ECREA)


Co-Sponsor: Centre for Early Modern Mapping, News and Networks (
Queen Mary University of London



Wednesday / September 16, 2015


Session 01: 7:15 p.m. – 9:30 p.m. / Winter Garden Restaurant – Hotel Papadopoli

The Opening Reception / Keynote Address

“What I Learned Studying the History of Communication in Venice”

Mario Infelise – Università Ca’ Foscari, Venice, Italy / Speaker


Thursday / September 17, 2015


Session 02: 8:30 a.m. – 10:00 a.m. / Main Lecture Hall

Communication History: Defining Our Objects of Inquiry / Panel Discussion

Pete Simonson – University of Colorado – Boulder, USA / Chair & Moderator

  • James Hay – University of Illinois – Urbana-Champaign, USA

Towards a Historiography Suitable for a Critical Refrigerator Studies

  • Yi Chen – University of Sussex – Brighton, United Kingdom

A Rhythmanalytical Study of Communication History

  • Deborah Lubken – Independent Scholar – Philadelphia, USA

Older Media: A Brazen Approach

  • Karen Barzman – Binghamton University, USA

Maps in the Early Modern Archive: A Genealogy of Portable, Display-Based Devices in Data Management and Communications

  • Stefano Cristante – Università del Salento, Italy

The Ancestor’s Body and Other Stories: The Social Sciences and the Far Past of Communication

  • Nella Lonza – Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts – Dubrovnik, Croatia

The Ritual Executions of Penalties and the Criminal’s Body as Alternative Media of Communication in Medieval European Towns


Session 03: 10:15 a.m. – 11:45 a.m. / Main Lecture Hall

Theoretical Models and the Current State of Communication History Research / Panel Discussion

John Nerone – University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, USA / Chair & Moderator

  • Laura Skouvig – University of Copenhagen, Denmark

In the Gap: Information and Communication History

  • Anne K. Diekjobst – Universität Konstanz, Germany

The Practice of Communication: Individual Addresses in the Late Middle Ages

contribution co-authored with: Michael Hohlstein – Universität Konstanz, Germany

  • Peter Broks – Hereford College of Art, United Kingdom

Conceptual Space: Rethinking Communication as Embodied Relationships

  • Hans-Ulrich Wagner – Hans Bredow Institute for Media Research, Hamburg, Germany

“Intervention” on Entanglements in Media History

contribution co-authored with: Marie Cronqvist – Lund University, Sweden; Hugh Chignell – Bournemouth University, Poole, United Kingdom; Maike Helmers – Bournemouth University, Poole, United Kingdom

  • Balázs Sipos – Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest, Hungary

How to Use Models to Examine the East-European Non-Democratic Media Systems in the 20th century

  • Carlos Barrera – Universidad de Navarra, Pamplona, Spain

Communication History, the Social Sciences and the Humanities: Insights from a Journal Editor


Session 04: 12:00 p.m. – 1:00 p.m. / Main Lecture Hall

Plenary Session / Masterclass

“Bridges, Boundaries, Benchmarks: Putting the History of Communications on the Map”

Richard R. John – Columbia University, New York, USA / Speaker


Session 05: 2:45 p.m. – 4:15 p.m. / Parallel Session – Seminar Room I

Neglected Dimension: Space and Place in Historical Communication Research / Panel Discussion

Deryck W. Holdsworth – The Pennsylvania State University, State College, USA / Chair & Moderator

  • Philip Lodge – Edinburgh Napier University, United Kingdom

The Influence of Spatial Aspects on the Development of Communication Study in the United Kingdom

  • Yvonne Robel – University of Bremen, Germany

Spatialization as a Part of Communication History

  • Sabrina Corbellini – University of Groningen, The Netherlands

Cities of Readers: A Spatial Approach to Late Medieval Religious Literacies

contribution co-authored with: Margriet Hoogvliet – University of Groningen, The Netherlands

  • Simon Ganahl – University of Vienna, Austria

Media of Sovereignty, Disciplinarity, and Control

  • Christian Schwarzenegger – Universität Augsburg, Germany

Locating the Whereabouts of History: Theoretical Reflections on the Place of Space in Communication History

contribution co-authored with: Anne Kaun – Södertörn University, Huddinge, Sweden

  • Christian Oggolder – Institute for Comparative Media and Communication Studies – Vienna, Austria

Blurring Boundaries: Historical and Empirical Perspectives on the Relation of Physical and Virtual Space

contribution co-authored with: Caroline Roth-Ebner – Alpen-Adria-Universität Klagenfurt, Austria


Session 05: 2:45 p.m. – 4:15 p.m. / Parallel Session – Seminar Room II

Egodocuments and Other Primary Sources in the Age of Digitization / Panel Discussion

Rosa Salzberg – Warwick University, Coventry, United Kingdom / Chair & Moderator

  • Stephan Sander-Faes – University of Zurich, Switzerland

‘We Shall Lie All Alike in Our Graves’: Ego Documents and the Reconstruction of Renaissance Communication

  • Maria Rikitianskaia – Università della Svizzera Italiana, Lugano, Switzerland

Communication History from Bellow: Finding “Ordinariness” in the Political Documents from the First World War

  • Lars Lundgren – Södertörn University, Huddinge, Sweden

Ethnography in the Archive: Travelogues, Truths and Television

  • Davide Boerio – Università degli Studi di Teramo, Italy

Early Modern Avvisi and Big Data

  • Diana Garrisi – University of Westminster, London, United Kingdom

Will the Nineteenth Century Press Save the Future of Journalism?


Session 06: 4:30 p.m. – 6:00 p.m. / Main Lecture Hall

Public Sphere I: Old and New Challenges for Public Sphere Research / Panel Discussion

Susanne Kinnebrock – Universität Augsburg, Germany / Chair & Moderator

Elihu Katz – U. of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, USA / The Hebrew U. of Jerusalem, Israel / Guest of Honor

  • Jeff Pooley – Muhlenberg College, Allentown, Pennsylvania, USA

The Collective Behavior Tradition in Chicago Sociology and the History of the Public

contribution co-authored with: Deborah Lubken – Independent Scholar – Philadelphia, USA

  • Francescomaria Evangelisti – Independent Researcher – Rome, Italy

The Propaganda History Bridges

  • Miguel Vazquez Liñan – Universidad de Sevilla, Spain

Historical Memory, Media And Mediation

contribution co-authored with: Custodio Velasco Mesa – Universidad de Sevilla, Spain

  • Merja Ellefson – Umeå University, Sweden

Questions of Place: Comparisons and Mediated History

  • Manuel Menke – Universität Augsburg, Germany

Facts, Moods, and Memories: Respecting Nostalgia in Communication History

contribution co-authored with: Ekaterina Kalinina – Södertörn University, Huddinge, Sweden

  • Daniela Calanca – Università di Bologna, Italy

New Media and Social Imaginaries in Contemporay Italy: Theories and Practices of Postsocial History


Friday / September 18, 2015


Session 07: 8:30 a.m. – 10:00 a.m. / Main Lecture Hall

Information Networks and the Rise of Modernity: Money, War, and God / Panel Discussion

Joad Raymond – Queen Mary University of London, United Kingdom / Chair & Moderator

  • Francisco Apellaniz – Université Paris 1 (Panthéon Sorbonne), France

Mixed Networks in the Notarial Culture: The merchant communities of Damascus and Alexandria, 1300-1600

  • Eric Dursteler – Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah, USA

Reconstructing Information Networks in the Early Modern Mediterranean

  • Steven G. Marks – Clemson University, South Carolina, USA

The Information Nexus and the History of Capitalism

  • Kathryn Montalbano – Columbia University, New York, USA

Religious Networks as New Media: Communication Studies and the Challenge of the Sacred

  • Paul Nelles – Carleton University, Ottawa, Canada

Place, Mobility, and Materiality in Communicative Practice: The Case of the Society of Jesus (1540-1600)

  • Javier Díaz Noci – Pompeu Fabra University, Barcelona, Spain

Early Modern History and Communication in Spanish Language: Production, Dissemination and Audiences

  • Massimo Petta – Independent Scholar, Italy

From Mountebanks to Professional Reporters: The Printed News Pamphlets Between Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries


Session 08: 10:15 a.m. – 11:45 a.m. / Parallel Session – Seminar Room I

Communication Technologies I: Challenging the Notion of Print Revolution / Panel Discussion

Massimo Rospocher – Italian-German Historical Institute, Trento, Italy / Chair & Moderator

  • Christian Schwarzenegger – Universität Augsburg, Germany

“Media and change” as an Emerging Area of Communication Studies and Bridge Between History and Communication?

contribution co-authored with: Susanne Kinnebrock – Universität Augsburg, Germany

  • Mark Brewin – The University of Tulsa, Oklahoma, USA

The Rite vs. the Book: Communication History and Grand Narratives

  • Agnes (Iok Fong) Lam – University of Macau, China

The Delayed Impact of the Gutenberg Storm: How did the Technology Discourse Conceptualize the Modern Chinese Press History?

  • Louise Vermeersch – Ghent University, Belgium

Methodological Reflections on a Multimedial Approach to Early Modern Media

  • Jürgen Wilke – Johannes Gutenberg-Universität, Mainz, Germany

Theoretical Models in Historical News Flow Studies


Session 08: 10:15 a.m. – 11:45 a.m. / Parallel Session – Seminar Room II

Materiality Still Matters: Political Economies and Media Histories / Panel Discussion

Paschal Preston – Dublin City University, Ireland / Chair & Moderator

  • Nelson Ribeiro – Universidade Catolica Portuguesa, Lisbon, Portugal

‘New’ Media and Freedom of Speech

  • Brice Nixon – University of La Verne, California, USA

Communication as Capital and the Exploitation of Audience Labor: A New Perspective on Communication History

  • Steve Schiffers – City University, London, United Kingdom

The Press as Black Mirror: Constructing Austerity and the Lessons of History

contribution co-authored with: Sophie Knowles – City University, London, United Kingdom

  • Marsha Siefert – Central European University, Budapest, Hungary

Eurasian Empires and Telecommunication

  • Michael Truscello – Mount Royal University, Calgary, Canada

Considering the Internet as an Infrastructure Megaproject

  • Francesca Musiani – Institut des sciences de la communication (CNRS) – Paris, France

How Materiality Matters in Studies of Born-Digital Heritage

contribution co-authored with: Valérie Schafer – Institut des sciences de la communication (CNRS) – Paris, France


Session 09: 12:00 p.m. – 1:00 p.m. / Main Lecture Hall

Plenary Session / Public Debate

“Reflecting on European Histories of Communication”

Gabriele Balbi – Università della Svizzera Italiana, Lugano, Switzerland / Moderator

Peppino Ortoleva – Università degli Studi di Torino, Italy / Discussant

Andreas Fickers – Université du Luxembourg, Luxemburg / Discussant

Jérôme Bourdon – Tel Aviv University, Israel / Discussant


Session 10: 2:45 p.m. – 4:15 p.m. / Parallel Session – Seminar Room I

Communication Technologies II: The Long History of Visual Media / Panel Discussion

Nelson Ribeiro – Universidade Catolica Portuguesa, Lisbon, Portugal / Chair & Moderator

‘New’ Media and Freedom of Speech

  • Anthony Löwstedt – Webster University, Vienna, Austria

Media History and Anthropology: From Pictographic to Prographic Media

  • Paola Valentini – Università di Firenze, Italy

Seeing Television, Seeing Images

  • Massimo Scaglioni – Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Milano, Italy

The Challenge of Television History: A Neglected Discipline, or a Strong Model for Media Studies?

  • Luca Barra – Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Milano, Italy

Television History: Trajectories, Sources and Research Paths inside Media Studies

  • Isabelle Veyrat-Masson – Laboratoire Communication et Politique du CNRS, Paris, France

The End of the “Historical” Television?

  • Jaroslav Švelch – Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic

Situating Digital Game Histories: Technology, User Cultures, and the “Local Turn”


Session 10: 2:45 p.m. – 4:15 p.m. / Parallel Session – Seminar Room II

Public Sphere II: Inter-Communal and Trans-National Imagined Communities / Panel Discussion

Juraj Kittler – St. Lawrence University, Canton, New York, USA

  • Trish Morgan – Maynooth University, Ireland

Bridges or Boundaries? The Contested Role of Mediated Communication in Modern Europe

contribution co-authored with: Paschal Preston – Dublin City University, Ireland

  • Susanne Kinnebrock – Universität Augsburg, Germany

How to Deal with Networks and Dynamics in the Public Sphere?

contribution co-authored with: Helena Bilandzic – Universität Augsburg, Germany

  • Sergei Kruk – Riga Stradins University, Latvia

Romanticism and Historicism vs. Public sphere

  • Gideon Kouts – Université Paris 8, France
    The “Jewish Network” Experience and its Role in the Formation of Modern Public Spheres
  • Luca Zuccolo – Istituto Italiano di Scienze Umane (SUM), Venice, Italy

Rise of Public Opinion and Public Sphere in the Ottoman Empire within the Newspapers Network

  • José Miguel Sardica – Universidade Católica Portuguesa, Lisbon, Portugal

Rethinking History through Communication: The “Public Sphere” as a Civic “Imagined Community” in 19th century Portugal


Session 11: 4:30 p.m. – 6:00 p.m. / Main Lecture Hall

Communication Technologies III: When the Newest Media Come of Age / Panel Discussion

Gabriele Balbi – Università della Svizzera Italiana, Lugano, Switzerland / Chair & Moderator

  • Jérôme Bourdon – Tel Aviv University, Israel

The Web and Print in History: Comparing Two Communication Revolutions

  • Johan Jarlbrink – Umeå University, Sweden

Clipping Agencies in the News Networks 1900

  • Simone Natale – Humboldt University, Berlin, Germany

Biographies of Media: On the role of Narratives and Storytelling in New Media’s Histories

  • Marc Raboy – McGill University, Montreal, Canada

Myth and Invention in the Biography of Guglielmo Marconi

  • Paolo Bory – Università della Svizzera Italiana, Lugano, Switzerland

What does “Doing Internet History” Mean?

contribution co-authored with: Gabriele Balbi – Università della Svizzera Italiana, Lugano, Switzerland

  • Niels Brügger – Aarhus University, Denmark

The Danish Web Domain 1996-2015: Projects, Results, and Historigraphical Concerns

  • Jane Winters – University of London, United Kingdom

Histories of Web Domains: Negotiating UK Web Space, 1996-2013


Session 12: 6:00 p.m. – 6:15 p.m. / Main Lecture Hall

Concluding Remarks

Conference Organizers:

Rosa Salzberg – Warwick University, Coventry, United Kingdom

Gabriele Balbi – Università della Svizzera Italiana, Lugano, Switzerland

Juraj Kittler – St. Lawrence University, Canton, New York, USA


Session 13: 6:30 p.m. – 7:00 p.m. / T.B.A.

ECREA History Section / Business Meeting

Susanne Kinnebrock – Universität Augsburg, Germany

Chair of the ECREA Communication History Section


Saturday / September 19, 2015


Session 14: 10:00 a.m. – 12:00 p.m. / Meeting Point: Scuola San Rocco

Cultural Program / Guided Tour

Rosa Salzberg – Warwick University, Coventry, United Kingdom

Juraj Kittler – St. Lawrence University, Canton, New York, USA

[Conférence] Eléments de preuve et litiges commerciaux en Méditerranée (XVe – XIXe siècle) / Elements of proof and commercial litigations in the Mediterranean (15th – 19th century)

Nous avons le plaisir de vous annoncer la tenue des journées d’études intitulées Eléments de preuve et litiges commerciaux en Méditerranée (XVe – XIXe siècle) / Elements of proof and commercial litigations in the Mediterranean (15th – 19th century), organisées par  Francisco Apellániz, Yavuz Aykan, Rémi Dewière, Wolfgang Kaiser et Johann Petitjean dans le cadre de l’ERC ConfigMed et avec la participation de l’Université Paris 1 Panthéon Sorbonne, de l’European Research Council et de l’Institut d’Histoire Moderne et Contemporaine (IHMC). Vous trouverez ci-dessous l’annonce et le programme. Le flyer est téléchargeable ici en français et ici en anglais.


L’European Research Council (Programme Mediterranean Reconfigurations),

l’Université Paris 1 – Panthéon-Sorbonne

et l’Institut d’Histoire Moderne et Contemporaine – IHMC présentent

les journées d’étude

Éléments de preuve et litiges commerciaux en Méditerranée (xve – xixe siècles)


Joseph VERNET, L’intérieur du port de Marseille vu du pavillon de l’Horloge du Parc (1754)

Paris, 18-20 juin 2015

Salle Marc Bloch (galerie Rollin, escalier C, 2e étage)

Université Paris 1 Panthéon Sorbonne

17, rue de la Sorbonne 75005, Paris


Que nous apprennent les artéfacts probatoires produits pour régler les litiges commerciaux au sujet de la configuration juridique de la Méditerranée entre les xve et xixe siècles ?

Depuis 2012, le programme européen ConfigMed s’attache à étudier les litiges commerciaux, le pluralisme juridique et le commerce interculturel en Méditerranée, à la croisée de traditions, de régimes et de référents juridiques divers dont il s’agit d’étudier les rencontres, les compromis et les éventuelles contaminations à partir des conflits impliquant des acteurs économiques venus d’Europe, de l’empire ottoman et du Maghreb.

Ce workshop ambitionne de poursuivre ces travaux et ces réflexions en mettant tout particulièrement l’accent sur la production et la circulation des éléments de preuve en Méditerranée. En partant de l’examen des certificats, des attestations et des déclarations, on tâchera d’examiner leurs effets, tant sur le monde des affaires que sur des systèmes juridiques souvent pensés comme étanches.

L’un des axes structurants de ce workshop consistera à analyser les procédures propres au règlement des litiges commerciaux à travers la production et la circulation de certificats et d’attestations dont les origines, la diversité formelle, la matérialité et les logiques devraient être à même de fournir de nouveaux éléments de réflexion quant à la nature des conflits commerciaux en Méditerranée, aux modalités de leur résolution, ainsi qu’au fonctionnement concret des institutions qui participent de cette résolution.

Ceci passera nécessairement par l’examen attentif de la circulation des preuves et de leur usage, c’est-à-dire, dans de nombreux cas, par la reconstitution de ces chaînes d’écriture et de réécriture. Cette démarche devrait produire matière à discuter la pertinence des frontières habituellement tracées pour séparer des univers que l’enquête révèle souvent poreux, telles que celles qui opposent l’oral et l’écrit ou empêchent de penser la proximité et les échanges entre le privé et le public.

En considérant les pièces probatoires comme des médias, le workshop abordera le rôle de la preuve dans l’analyse des processus de communication et l’interprétera comme un scénario privilégié de créativité légale et culturelle dans un espace transméditerranéen formé par et pour la résolution des litiges commerciaux.



What can the evidentiary artifacts that are deployed to resolve commercial litigations tell us about the legal configuration of the Mediterranean between the fifteenth and nineteenth centuries?

Since 2012, the European research program ConfigMed has been studying commercial disputes, legal pluralism, and intercultural trade in the Mediterranean, at the crossroads of different traditions, legal regimes and referents. In this context, our method helps to focus on the encounters, compromises and possible exchanges which resulted from conflicts involving economic actors from Europe to the Ottoman Empire and North Africa.

This workshop aims to continue this work and these reflections with a particular emphasis on the production and circulation of the elements of legal proof in the Mediterranean. Based on the examination of written certificates and declarations, we propose to examine their effect on both the commercial world and legal systems that are often seen as closed within itself.

One of the primary axes of this workshop will be the analysis of the procedures of dispute resolution through the production and circulation of certificates and written testimonies. The origins, formal diversity, materiality and logic of these artifacts should be able to provide food for thought on the nature and resolution of disputes, as well as the practical functions of institutions.

This will necessarily involve careful consideration of the circulation and use of evidence, for the reconstitution of the chain of correspondences between litigants, intermediaries and user or producer institutions of evidentiary elements. This should produce material to discuss the relevance of the boundaries usually drawn between worlds that seem to be permeable, such as those opposing the oral and the written, the private and the public.

By considering these evidentiary pieces as instruments, the workshop will address the role of evidence in the analysis of communication processes and interpret it as a privileged scenario of legal and cultural creativity in a trans-Mediterranean space formed by different resolutions of commercial litigations.


18 Juin/June 2015       13 h 30 – 14 h

Wolfgang Kaiser (Paris 1 & EHESS, IHMC, ConfigMed) : Accueil / Welcome


14 h – 18 h

Première Section / First Section : Accéder à la justice / Access to justice

Président/Chair: Wolfgang Kaiser (ConfigMed)


Johann Petitjean (Poitiers, IHMC, ConfigMed) : Introduction


Michael Talbot (ConfigMed), When no proof is good enough: An Algerian merchant in British and Dutch courts, 1760s-1770s

Angela Falcetta (Padova), The protean use of justice: Ottoman merchants before the Neapolitan courts, eighteenth-early nineteenth centuries

Mahjouba Bijaoui (EHESS), Litiges commerciaux et naufrages : comment résoudre cet imbroglio ? Le cas du consul espagnol Manuel de la Heras dans la Régence d’Alger à la fin du XVIIIe siècle

Hassan Khalilieh (Haifa), Legal pluralism and judicial sovereignty in Islamic Mediterranean


19 Juin/June 2015       9 h 30 – 12 h 30

Présidente/Chair : Jessica Goldberg (UCLA)

Andrea Addobbati (Pisa, ConfigMed), The Pareri «pro veritate» at the Pisan Consoli del Mare

Ana Belem Fernández Castro (ConfigMed), Showing the Truth to the Judge: A Study of Judicial Evidence in Sevillian Commercial Courts during the Sixteenth Century

Tommaso Stefini (Yale), The role of written evidence in trade-related disputes between Ottoman and Venetian subjects: a preliminary enquiry

Mafalda Ade Winter (ConfigMed), Le pluralisme juridique en Syrie ottomane : analyse d’un « inventaire de verdicts et de preuves » du Tribunal de commerce de Damas de 1889


19 Juin/June 2015       14 – 18 h

Deuxième Section / Second section :

Par-delà l’oral et l’écrit / Beyond the Oral/Written Divide


Francisco Apellániz (ConfigMed) : Introduction


Président/Chair : Baudouin Dupret (Centre Jacques Berque, Rabat)

Francisco Apellániz (ConfigMed), You cannot produce a Muslim witness’: Handling Systems of Proof Across Religious Boundaries (15th-16th centuries)

Evelyne Oliel Grausz (Paris 1, IHMC, ConfigMed), Oaths, testimonies and elements of proof in Jewish disputes in early modern Livorno.

Jessica Marglin (USC, Los Angeles), Extraterritoriality meets Islamic Law: Commercial litigation and legal proof in the International Mixed Court of Morocco, 1871-1872

Nandini Chatterjee (Exeter), A Comment from the Mughal Indian perspective


20 Juin/June 2015                 9 h 30 – 12 h 30

Présidente/Chair : Maria Fusaro (Exeter, ConfigMed)

Joshua White (Virginia), Litigating Ownership Disputes over Ships and Cargo in Ottoman Courts (17th Century)

Yavuz Aykan (ConfigMed), La preuve dans les litiges commerciaux devant le Divan impérial ottoman à l’époque moderne

Ivelina Masheva (Sofia), Oral Testimonies and Written Documents in Commercial Litigations in the Danube Provinces of the Ottoman Empire in the Tanzimat



Contact: /

Conférence internationale “Foreigners 
in the Deep Heart of Medieval and Early Modern Societies (Europe, the Mediterranean and the Muslim World)”, Florence, Institut Universitaire Européen, 18-20 juin 2014



Cette conférence internationale, organisée par Francisco Apellaniz (membre du projet ERC ConfigMed), David Do Paço et Cédric Quertier, ouvre une vaste enquête collective autour de la condition des étrangers dans les sociétés européennes, méditerranéennes et musulmanes aux époques médiévale et moderne. Elle aura lieu du 18 au 20 juin 2014, à l’Institut Universitaire Européen de Florence.

Mathieu Grenet, membre du projet ERC ConfigMed, présentera son travail à cette occasion.

Les communications seront organisées autour de sept sessions :

1) A Legal History, I : Courts, Trials and Societies (disc. Tijana KRSTIC)

F. APELLANIZ (European University Institute, Marie Curie Actions) :

Solving Conflict in Mediterranean Complex Environments : Europeans at Markets and Courts in the Late Medieval Middle East (1350-1500)

A. B. FERNANDEZ CASTRO (European University Institute) :

Judging Foreignness in the Audience of the House of Trade of Seville (1583-1598)

J. WUBS-MROZEWICZ (Universiteit Leiden) :

Conflict Resolution with Foreigners in the Hanse area in the Fifteenth and Sixteenth Century: Law and Diplomacy


2) A Legal History, II : Foreignness Politics (disc. Roberto ZAUGG)

R. DORIN (Harvard University) :

From Jew to Foreigner: Canon Law and the Expulsion of Jews in the Late Middle Ages

J. M. ESCRIBANO PAEZ (European University Institute) :

Italian Merchants in Iberian and Maghreb’s cities Between the XVth and XVIth Centuries

V. MCGUIRE (European University Institute, Max Weber Programme) :

Franco-Levantines: Reading Citizenship and National Belonging Through the History of the Merchants of Venice


3) Foreigners and Elements of Foreignness, I : Determining Foreigners (disc. Giacomo TODESCHINI)

C. QUERTIER (Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne / École Française de Rome) :

Le Marchand florentin à Pise : de l’homme invisible à la nation marchande la plus privilégiée (XIVe siècle)

M. PAKUCS (‘Nicolae Iorga’ Institute of History, Bucharest) :

The pernicious nation of the Greeks: ‘Greek’ Merchants in Transylvania, Sixteenth- Seventeenth Centuries

M. GRENET (Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne, ERC ConfigMed) :

Un cosmopolitisme de frontière ? Marchands ‘étrangers’ et fabrique des identités locales dans les Iles Ioniennes au XVIIIe siècle


4) Foreigners and Elements of Foreignness, II : Migrations and Social Bonding (disc. Roberto ZAUGG)

F. BETTARINI (University of Reading) :

Foreign Communities in Dubrovnik in XVth century : Selection and Naturalisation

C. TARRUELL (École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales / Universidad Autónoma de Madrid) :

L’accueil de musulmans et de juifs venus « de leur propre volonté » au sein de la Monarchie hispanique (fin XVIe – début XVIIe siècles)

M. GASPERONI (École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales / École Française de Rome) :

Les hommes circulent et s’échangent. Phénomènes migratoires entre Marches et Romagne à l’époque moderne


5) Foreigners and Elements of Foreignness, III : Belonging to a Community (disc. Regina GRAFE)

O. MERCAN (European University Institute) :

Italian Communities in Istanbul in the Late 15th and 16th c.

S. MONTEMEZZO (Università di Verona) :

Being Alien Merchants in a Capital City. Venetians in London and Bruges at the End of 15th century

C. SANTUS (École Pratique des Hautes Études / Scuola Normale Superiore di Pisa) :

Becoming Foreigners: Eastern Christians and «Franks» at the turn of the 18th century

6) Social Bonding and Polarisation, I : Geography (disc. Luca MOLA)

D. DO PAÇO (European University Institute, Max Weber Programme) :

From Modern Pacific to Early Modern Central Europe: on Marshall Sahlins’ Process of Indeginization

M. COUDERC (Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne) :

La cour, matrice d’intégration. Les ‘Grecs’ en Europe du Nord-ouest (Angleterre, Bourgogne et France), XVe siècle

S. NADALO (Northwestern University / Paris College of Art) :

From Market to Synagogue: Locating Pluralistic Sociality in the Free Port of Livorno


7) Social Bonding and Polarisation, II : The Unbearable Lightness of the Peripherie (disc. Tijana KRSTIC)

A. LESTREMAU (Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne) :

He ælþeodige unsida lufode. Rois, ducs et étrangers dans l’Angleterre anglo-saxonne au XIe siècle

K. PRAJDA (Institute of History, Hungarian Academy of Sciences) :

Florentine Merchant Companies in the Republic of Venice and in the Kingdom of Hungary During the First Decades of the 15th Century. A Comparative Analysis of Commercial and Social Relations

L. BINZ (European University Institute) :

Latin Catholics in Constantinople 1650-1750

Conclusion : Giacomo TODESCHINI

Programme en pdf : bookletFlo2014-2

[Francisco Apellaniz] Articles remis et travaux en cours

Nous vous présentons aujourd’hui trois résumés d’articles remis ou en cours d’évaluation de la part de Francisco Apellaniz, membre du projet ERC et actuellement Marie Curie Fellow au European University Institute de Florence.

Western Notaries and Islamic Judges : Solving Conflict in the Mamluk Cities of Commerce

It has become fashionable in recent times to understand cross-cultural trade as the effect of informal cooperation, with religious and ethnic diasporas laboring to grant the necessary trust and helping to circumvent the inconveniences of formal justice. However, Mediterranean merchants made an extensive use of legal artifacts to secure mixed arrangements and kept going to court. In this article I show how a shared notarial culture made possible for merchants of both Islam and Europe to provide written, legal support for their common dealings. Complementarily, I turn to analyze how mixed, interfaith cases were ultimately brought before the Royal Siyāsah Courts in Mamluk Alexandria and Damascus. Notarial agreements, drawn up by Islamic and Latin notaries set the grounds for the informal settlement of disputes. Where informal arrangements did not suffice, the Siyāsah Courts spread their jurisdiction over commercial matters regarding foreign merchants. Together, these two institutions helped to overcome the fundamental problem of conflict resolution in mixed cases. By examining how Latin notaries and Islamic judges dealt with testimony and proof, this article determines the degree of judicial cooperation that actually existed between the two legal systems.


Florentine Networks in the Middle East in the Early Renaissance

Though Florentines represented a minority group in the Mamluk sultanate and their business interests were relatively minor, a common identity laid the foundations for their commercial associations. Yet identity was put at play very differently by the members of these networks, and their common belonging, it will be argued, was subjected to manipulation and differently perceived and displayed within the same group, and, according to circumstance, by the same actors. Deprived of the normative and institutional configuration of the European communities, and isolated from government control, Florentine identity in the Middle East was blurred when compared with existence in Italian cities where merchants and exiles flocked in large numbers and whose activities were closely monitored by the Florentine government. Instead, Florentines in the East coalesced into groups that could be more easily entered or left through the manipulation of practices, such as language, family origins, or legal norms such as citizenship.

Article under review status at the Mediterranean Historical Review


Venetian Trading Networks in the Medieval Mediterranean

To understand the system of business relations within the commercial network of the Republic of Venice, this article adopts a network analysis that differs from a standard narrative based on a privileged subset of actors or relations. It allows us to examine the socially mixed group of entrepreneurs, brokers, and shippers at the heart of Venice’s economic system, as well as the various conditions under which they operated. Venice’s overseas mercantile relations, shaped by the ruling patriciate, were riddled with  restrictions upon foreigners and colonial subjects. The Venetian trading community centered in Alexandria from 1418 to 1420 exemplified this far-reaching Venetian system during the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries. It featured a number of lower-rank characters negotiating, flaunting, and frequently breaking the rules, all to the greater profit of the empire.

Journal of Interdisciplinary History (Forthcoming, Issue 2 – Autumn 2013)